Helpful Terminology

Chorten Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike Stupa

Chorten (or Stupa)

Chorten; the Tibetan word for a stupa, a mound-like Buddhist structure.

Col; a pass or depression in a mountain range or ridge.

Dal Bhat; the standard Nepali meal consisting of steamed rice, lentil soup and often served with local seasonal vegetables.

Dhanyabaad; Nepali for thank you.

Durbar; a traditional city centre/square.

Kani Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike

Kani

Ghat;  series of steps leading down to a Hindu holy river.

Gompa; a Tibetan monastery.

Jatra; a street festival or carnival.

Kani; an arched stone gateway normally astride an entrance to a village.

Kharka; the Tibetan word for a (high altitude) meadow.

Khola; a Nepali word for a river.

Koshi; another Nepali word for a river.

Mani Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike

Mani

La; the Tibetan word for a mountain pass.

Lama; a Tibetan Buddhist monk.

Lhosar (or Losar); a Tibetan word for New Year.

Mani; a wall of inscribed stones. These walls should always be passed or circumvented in a clockwise direction according to Buddhist doctrine. (Except in the Bon Po areas of Dolpo where they should be passed or circumvented anti-clockwise).

Prayer Flags Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike Pharping

Prayer Flags

Monsoon; the rainy season, from early June to late September.

Moraine; an accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris (mainly rocks).

Namaste; hello/good day in Nepali.

Newar; the people and language of the inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley.

Prayer Flags; colourful blue, white, red, green and yellow, representing the five elements, rectangles of cloth often strung out in the Himalayas.

Sadhu Sadhvi Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike

Sadhu and Sadhvi

Puja; a Hindu and Buddhist religious rite/offering.

Purnima; the full moon.

Sadhu; an Indian ascetic or holy man.

Sadhvi; an Indian ascetic or holy woman.

Stupa; a mound-like Buddhist monument.

Tashi Delek; hello/good day in Tibetan.

Tea-house Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike Tea House Langtang

Tea-house

Tea-shop or tea-house; a small lodge which provides accommodation and food with some basic necessities for sale.

The Terai; the lowland plains that border North India.

Thangka; a Tibetan silk embroidery, usually religious.

Yak; basically a high altitude long-haired cow with short, thick legs, humped shoulders and large upcurved horns. Strictly speaking the yak is the bull and the female is a nak or dri. Many of those that you come across are the result of cross-breeding with cattle and are known as dzo (m) or dzomo or zhom (f).

Yeti; sometimes known as ‘The Abominable Snowman’ this mythical (?) creature inhabits the mountains and occasionally attacks livestock and humans. So watch out folks.

Yeti Trekking Nepal Trek Hiking Hike Thaksin Shinawatra

Yeti