Ghodaghodi Tal Nepal Safari Lake Bardiya Bardia National Park Jungle Forest Fauna Flora

Ghodaghodi Tal

Bardiya National Park (sometimes spelt as Bardia) is a of 968 km2 protected area that was established in 1988. Adjoining the eastern bank of the Karnali River it is the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in Nepal’s Terai. The northern limits of the protected area are demarcated by the Siwalik Hills and natural boundaries to human settlements are formed in the west by the Geruwa River and in the southeast by the Babai River. About 70% of the park is covered with sal forest, the remaining 30% is a mixture of grassland, savannah and riverine forest.

Though the park suffered greatly from poaching during the Maoist insurrection the Nepalis have seen the benefits of tourist income and major efforts have been made to rehabilitate this park and, unlike many elsewhere, tigers seem to be on the increase.

Bardiya National Park is home to at least 53 mammals including one-horned Rhinoceros, Asian elephant, Bengal tiger, leopards, fishing cat, sloth bear, Gangetic dolphin, gray langurs, rhesus macaques, smooth-coated and Eurasian otter, civet, nilgai (aka blue bulls), hyena, barking, spotted, sambar, swamp and hog deer and black buck antelope. Reptiles include gharial, mugger crocodiles, red-crowned and three-striped roofed turtles plus the normal mix of cobras, vipers etc.

Current checklists include 407 bird species, among them the Bengal Florican, White-rumped Vulture, Peafowl, Bar-headed Goose, Lesser Florican, Silver-eared Mesia, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Sarus Crane and Ferruginous Duck. For a fuller list check here.

Bird-watchers’ alert; Gurney’s Pitta frequents Bardiya, it may only be a summer visitor (probably late April to late September), but it has been seen as late as  October.

Half or full day safaris can be made deep into the jungle by jeep with an English-speaking safari guide.

Tourist activities include a surprisingly interesting visit to a local Tharu village, a half-day foot safari, an elephant-riding safari, which, though elephants are not the most comfortable form of transport, is an experience in itself and offers excellent chances of seeing rhinos, and a visit to the elephant breeding centre. Tiger tracking, elephant tracking, rafting on the Geruwa River and cycling or walking near the park can all be arranged.

Day-long foot safaris into the park are great fun, but you are in an area with dangerous animals. safari guides are experienced at handling wild beasties and they will do their utmost to protect you, however you should be reasonably fit, ie able to run faster than your mates and/or climb a tree (with the help of a safari guide if you’re lucky!). The commonest incidents involving tourists are with rhinos, advice is to climb the nearest big tree, though hiding behind a tree and zigzagging as you run may help, in addition throwing them something, eg a camera, coat or bra, whilst you’re running causes them to briefly halt and sniff the object. Sloth bears are predominately nocturnal and due to their extremely sharp claws are very dangerous, males will lacerate your face and females your nether region – huddle together and pray while your guide beats a stick on the ground. With tigers stare them in the eye and back away slowly. If chased by an elephant (unlikely as your safari guide should hear them at a distance) run very, very fast.

A side-trip to the bird-watching Mecca of Ghodaghodi Tal, a wetland site of 9 large and shallow oxbow lakes, ponds, marshes and meadows, is a joy to be had with its lotus flowers and water lilies. Ghodaghodi Tal is 40km  from Bardiya. Visit here or here for more detailed info.

When to go? The best times are in the most temperate months, December to March. Avoid the humidity and the bloodsucking insects and leeches of the monsoon (June to October) at all costs, wait till at least mid-October for the temperature to drop.

To get to Bardiya we fly for an hour to Nepalgunj and take a 2 hour trip to a hotel on the edge of the park. Alternatively a 14 hour bus journey can be done.

A 2 night package tour costs US$ 200, these include a visit to a local village, a half-day jungle walk, an elephant safari, bird-watching and a walk or cycle in the area.A 3 night tour costs US$ 250 and the jungle walk lasts a day, a half day is spent on foot looking for tigers and the elephant safari could be metamorphosed into a jeep safari.

A 4 night tour costs US$ 310, offering both the elephant and jeep safaris.

A 5 night tour costing US$ 350, includes a day canoeing and/or rafting on the Karnali.

An extra night would cost US$ 25.

Alternatively we could book you into cheaper accommodation for about US$ 10 a night and pick and mix your activities, including a visit to Ghodaghodi Tal.

Extra activities; a day’s jeep safari US$ 120 per day for your group for a jeep, driver and guide, a full day’s guide outside the park is US$ 12, a day’s bike rental US$ 7 and guided tours on canoes vary between US$ 7 and US$ 12.

Buses to and from Kathmandu or Pokhara would cost you an extra US$ 20 each way while a plane flight, including airport pick up/drop-off, via Nepalgunj is approximately US$ 170 each way.

The ballpark price includes airport pick-up/drop-offs, accommodation in a twin room in a comfortable hotel in Bardiya, flights and transport to and from Kathmandu to Bardiya.
The price excludes food and accommodation in Kathmandu., travel insurance, tips, drinks and personal expenses.

Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Jungle Forest Fauna Birds

Great Hornbill

Leopard Nepal safari jungle Bardiya Bardia National Park


Swamp Deer Ghodaghodi Tal Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Jungle Forest Fauna

Swamp Deer

Asian Elephant Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Ghodaghodi Tal Jungle Forest Fauna

Asian Elephant

White-rumped Vultures Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Ghodaghodi Tal Jungle Forest Fauna Birds

White-rumped Vultures

Gurney's Pitta Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Ghodaghodi Tal Jungle Forest Fauna Birds

Gurney’s Pitta

Silver-eared Mesia Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Ghodaghodi Tal Jungle Forest Fauna Birds

Silver-eared Mesia

Red-crowned Roofed Turtle Ghodaghodi Tal Lake Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Jungle Forest Fauna Reptiles

Red-crowned Roofed Turtle

Gharial Bardiya Bardia National Park Nepal Safari Ghodaghodi Tal Lake Jungle Forest Fauna Crocodiles Reptiles


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